In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Since 1994, the Fertility Center has served as a premier in vitro fertilization center in Chattanooga and Knoxville while also providing care to patients from Nashville, Atlanta, and locations around the globe. More than a thousand babies have been born as a result of the efforts of our doctors and IVF team.
What Is IVF?
In vitro fertilization, commonly referred to as IVF, is one of the most common and effective treatments for infertility. IVF is recommended for patients who cannot conceive due to severe male-factor issues, endometriosis, blocked fallopian tubes, or unexplained infertility. In simple terms, IVF is the process of creating embryos outside of the body and transferring those embryos directly into the uterus for implantation and pregnancy.
How It Works
At the Fertility Center, patients participate in IVF cycles, which are scheduled each month. A woman’s ovaries are stimulated using a combination of medications, and when the timing is right, her eggs are surgically retrieved from her ovaries. A semen specimen is collected from the male partner, and this is sent to the lab along with the retrieved eggs. Under a microscope, the embryologist evaluates both the eggs and sperm, selecting the highest quality of each and combining them to create embryos.
These embryos are allowed to incubate in the lab for five to six days and are observed to determine quality. Based on the results of this evaluation, one or more of the highest quality embryos are transferred directly into the woman’s uterus. Remaining viable embryos may be frozen for use in later cycles.
As with any medical treatment, there are some risks associated with IVF. However, most patients complete treatment without difficulty. Risks include multiple gestation, ectopic pregnancy, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, and premature birth.