Fertility Medications and Infertility Treatment
Although drugs and doses vary between patients depending on medical conditions, responses, and other related factors, the following are some of the most common fertility medications used in the infertility treatment programs at the Fertility Center:
- Prenatal vitamins – Prepare the body for conception and balance out nutrition deficiencies.
- Baby aspirin – Minimizes the chances of miscarriage.
- Birth control pills – Used to regulate menstruation prior to an IVF cycle.
- Zithromax – Helps prevent infection and harmful bacteria.
- Clomid or Femara (generic Letrozele) – Inhibits estrogen to increase the release of follicle stimulating hormone, resulting in higher rates of ovulation and pregnancy.
- Repronex – Provides follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone that help stimulate healthy ovaries.
- Bravelle, Follistim, Gonal-F or Menopur – Controls the timing of egg maturation, allowing more follicles to be produced.
- Ganirelix – Controls ovulation by rapidly suppressing the production and action of the luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
- Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) – Induces ovulation and is the hormone produced by an embryo shortly after conception.
- Novarel (hCG) – Stimulates the release of eggs in the ovaries.
- Estrogen – Stimulates the growth of the uterine lining.
- Progesterone – Prepares the lining of the uterus for implantation and fosters gestation, helping to achieve and maintain pregnancy.
- Lupron – Controls ovulation by briefly increasing and then suppressing the production and action of the luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
IVF Injection Instructions
Learning to give an injection is a simple process. The most difficult injection is the FIRST one. Be sure to assemble your supplies before starting.
Basic supplies include:
- Alcohol and cotton balls or alcohol wipes
- Syringes and needles
- SHARPS disposal box or another safe container
- Heating pad (optional)
- Band-aids (optional)
NOTE: ml = cc
You will need to take your medication by either subcutaneous injection (tiny needle) or intramuscular injection (larger, longer needle):
- Subcutaneous injections – These are given just under the skin into the fatty tissue with a 1 ½ -inch to 5/8-inch needle.
- Intramuscular injections – These are given into the hip muscle with a 1 ½-inch needle.
Most people find it easy to give themselves subcutaneous injections but need another person to administer intramuscular injections.
The IVF team at the Fertility Center is available to provide hands-on instruction and demonstrations prior to your cycle. Jan Lambert is our injection expert in the Chattanooga office, and Christina Benton is our expert in the Knoxville office, but other staff members are trained to provide assistance as well.
You won’t necessarily use the entire amount of every prescribed medication, so don’t be concerned if you have leftover doses. Unopened medications can be added to our “For Sale” list so other patients can purchase items from you. You can also donate leftover items to the Fertility Center.
The links below provide detailed written instructions for injecting specific medications:
- Diluted hCG
- Progesterone in Ethy Oleate or Oil
To view online video demonstrations with step-by-step instructions for injecting fertility medications, click the link below: